Journal - Archive - Volume-1 Issue-1 - 10.9735/0976-9943.1.1
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J Hortic Lett 1.1 (2010):1-5
Authors Tiwary M.K., Akhilesh Pandey, Tiwari D.P.
Published on 15 Jun 2010     Pages : 1-5     Article Id : BIA0001540     Views : 155     Downloads : 583
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An investigation was conducted in two tehsils, namely Roorkee and Laksar of Haridwar district (Plain region) of Uttarakhand, to find out the existing livestock feeding practices and macro nutrients status in feeds and fodder fed to the animals. Thirty farmers under three major categories on land holding basis i.e landless (0 acre), small (2-5 acres) and large (>5 acres) from each tehsil were selected. A benchmark survey was conducted through common questionnaire in order to collect the information regarding farmer’s land holding and livestock holding as well as feeding pattern of the animals along with mineral mixture and salt supplementation. The samples of feeds and fodder offered to the animals were collected from each tehsil and chemically analyzed for proximate principles as per AOAC (1995). The farmers residing in the target area were mostly dependent on locally available cereal grain as concentrate feeding to the livestock but some farmers were also using purchased concentrates like pellet, complete feed block, gram chunni etc. for feeding their livestock. It was observed that the main feed resources were soybean cake, mustard cake, Lahi grain, gram chunni, wheat bran, complete feed block and pellet which were used by the farmers to feed their livestock in the target area. Wheat straw was the basal roughage used during all seasons along with available green fodders to their animals. The CP was found highest in cowpea green of Roorkee Tehsil followed by sorghum green of Laksar Tehsil and maize green of Roorkee Tehsil and the corresponding values were 23.41 ± 0.69, 9.49 ± 1.03 and 8.97 ± 0.12 per cent, respectively. The EE was highest in sorghum green (2.31 ± 0.32 percent) followed by cowpea green (2.10 ± 0.10 percent) of Laksar and Roorkee Tehsils, respectively. CF content was high in wheat straw i.e. 39.69 ± 1.02 and 36.86 ± 0.79 per cent in Laksar and Roorkee tehsils, respectively. The CP content (%) was highest in soybean cake (41.77±0.10) followed by mustard cake (37.13 ±0.44), Lahi grain (20.11 ±0.25), complete feed block (16.22±0.04), wheat bran (16.42 ±0.23), concentrate pellet (13.12±0.11) and gram chunni (13.12±0.11) of Roorkee Tehsil. Similarly, in Laksar Tehsil CP content (%) was highest in mustard cake (36.61 ± 1.10) followed by Lahi grain (19.57 ± 0.49), pellet (14.50 ± 0.04), wheat bran (15.95±0.85) and gram chunni (12.63±0.03). NFE was highest in wheat bran (68.27±1.43 per cent) from Roorkee Tehsil. Similarly AIA was highest (6.74 ± 0.17 per cent) in commercial pellet while lowest in soybean cake (0.06 ± 0.00 per cent) in Roorkee Tehsil. NFE was highest in wheat bran (68.27±1.43 per cent) from Laksar Tehsil. Similarly AIA was highest (6.66 ± 0.02 per cent) in commercial pellet while lowest in soybean cake (0.06 ± 0.00 per cent) in Roorkee Tehsil. The scarcity of greens and high cost of concentrates, the use of improved quality of unconventional feeds with supplementation of mineral mixture may be recommended to improve the nutritional status of the animals.
J Hortic Lett 1.1 (2010):6-7
Authors Vishal Mudgal, Baghel R.P.S., Shalini Srivastava
Published on 15 Jun 2010     Pages : 6-7     Article Id : BIA0001541     Views : 244     Downloads : 534
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Madhya Pradesh is also referred as soybean state and thus had a huge production of soybean by-products in addition to the main crop production, which is utilized for oil production. Soybean straw is one of them and on the basis of its huge availability it was incorporated in the diet of crossbred cows and its effect was observed on dry matter intake and milk production. The experiment was conducted on 12 cross bred cows by dividing them into three equal groups as per the completely randomized design on the basis of their milk production. One of the groups was served as control and fed concentrate mixture as per the production requirements (NRC, 2001) and ad-libitum wheat straw. The second and third groups were fed similarly but having replaced their wheat straw with soybean straw at the level of 50 and 75%, respectively. The feeding was continued for a period of three months and dry matter intake and milk production of the crossbred cows was monitored daily. The study indicates that incorporation of soybean straw had no negative effects either on dry matter intake or on the milk production of cross bred cows and thus it may be concluded that the soybean straw may be replaced by wheat straw up to 75% in the diet of cross bred cows for short duration without any adverse effect on animal’s intake as well as on lactation performance.